It seems intuitively reasonable that Gibbs' variational principle determining the conditions of heterogeneous equilibrium can be generalized to nonequilibrium conditions. That is, a nonequilibrium steady state should be the one that makes some kind of generalized entropy production stationary; and even in the presence of irreversible fluxes, the condition for migrational equilibrium should still be the equality of some generalized chemical potentials.

Authors: Jaynes E.T.  Pages: 23 Year: 1980 
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