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Siddhārtha Gautama, in Sanskrit, or Siddhāttha Gotama, in Pali, was a spiritual teacher from ancient India and the founder of Buddhism. He is generally recognized by Buddhists as the Supreme Buddha (Sammāsambuddha) of our age. The precise nature of such a supreme Buddha - whether "merely" human or a transcendental, immortal, god-transcending being - is differently construed in Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism. Theravada tends to view him as a super-human personage of supreme teaching skill and wisdom (uncontactable after his physical death), whereas Mahayana Buddhism goes further and tends to see him as a projection of an eternal, ultimate principle of Buddhahood (see Dharmakaya), present in all phenomena, immortal and transcendent. The time of his birth and death are uncertain: most early 20th-century historians date his lifetime from circa 563 BCE to 483 BCE; more recently, however, at a specialist symposium on this question, the majority of those scholars who presented definite opinions gave dates within 20 years either side of 400 BCE for the Buddha's death, with others supporting earlier or later dates.

Related tags: buddhism, religion

Books: Bhikkhu khemavamsa

Bhikkhu khemavamsa

Books: Buddhist songs for young children

Buddhist songs for young children

Books: The abhidhamma philosophy its estimation in the past

The abhidhamma philosophy its estimation in the past

Books: The book of protection

The book of protection

Books: The roots of good and evil

The roots of good and evil

Books: Dr peter della santina

Dr peter della santina
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